Mechanical Components are all materials involved in mechanical work. They range from the tiny part of equipments. The components are important because they make work easy. Most of the mechanical engineers work for manufacturing industries, aircraft, public sectors, automotive industries and energy industries. They also work together with other professions such as the architectural firms, government agencies and in the academic institutions. Engineering in Kenya has more articles.
Types of Mechanical Components
Mechanical Components are important aspects and segments in the field of engineering. These are all parts used to assemble a mechanical system. They include a broad range of devices and other equipments to handle, induce and make other drive in the mechanical system.
These include the bearings and bushings which are used to provide load support and in the reduction of friction. Bushings are usually designed to reduce friction in the hole and restrain motion of the mechanical parts. They are usually cylindrical in shape.
Belts and pulleys assist in the drive system and in the transmission rotary motion or changing of the output speeds. Other important Mechanical Components include clutches. These components are used to transmit and control power. They include automotive clutches, electrical clutches, industrial clutches and torque clutches. Gears are also important components. A good example includes reducers.
Mechanical fasteners that include screws and bolts, rivets, nuts and clips. They are used to secure parts of the machine firmly to the other. Other examples include seals, pulleys, belts, hardware, shock vibrations, limit switches, couplings, chain sprockets, bellows and brakes.
Mechanical Components Application
Mechanical Components applications are everywhere in the machine. They are widely used in all mechanical industries such as food industry, chemical industries and in the distillers and other major industries. Mechanical fields include energy technology; biomedical engineering, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, nanotechnology and other manufacturing industries.
In robotics field, the mechanical engineer design and fabricate remote operated devices. The robots are designed for various purposes, ranging from machines that perform simple routine tasks and complex operations to those relied upon to on work hazardous tasks. Robots engineers work in many fields especially those in agriculture and transportation
Preventive Mechanical Maintenance for Mechanical Components
Mechanical preventive maintenance for Mechanical Components involves activities such as lubrication, regular cleaning, adjusting of parts, replacing of minor parts and all other activities that will lead to the smooth running of the machine. This helps in saving time that’s wasted during impending breakdowns.
Advantages of such maintenance practices include the increased efficiency and speed of the equipment. Secondly, mechanical maintenance saves energy hence improving the life span of the equipment. It also prevents replacing of parts before the next scheduled maintenance or servicing time. Mechanic maintenance increases productivity. This is because the machines work faster and have few break downs in the middle of the work. This in turn increases the profit margins.
It saves the time wasted when the machines break down or much time to be repaired. Preventative maintenance costs are much less that actual repairs and replacements. Preventive maintenance also reduces losing of data through breakdown. This is especially for the equipment responsible for data storage such as computers. Lastly, is the safety of the operator. Repairs ensure few accidental cases which would result to death.
In order to carry out smooth production, maintenance related information should be given. The new technological Mechanical Maintenance process for Mechanical Components involves the computerized management system. There is a software package that helps in successful planning and maintenance implementation. The software maximizes on the time, reduces the needs of repair and minimizes production cost ensuring effective production. Some of the functions of the software include making of work orders, scheduled jobs, monitors the ongoing production and stores other important information about the computer. These include installation procedures, trouble shooting of the equipment and information concerning spare parts. It also records costs, equipment data, and warranty for the Mechanical Components.